The invention of pottery and the connection with China

- Sep 23, 2020-

Pottery is an art of earth and fire, and it is one of the earliest attempts by humans to use nature. The invention of pottery allows humans to eat foods that have been processed at high temperatures, which has changed the structure of human diets and promoted the development of human physique.

The earliest pottery and porcelain were both born in China and the world. When was the earliest pottery invented? In the past, we only knew that the earliest pottery originated from Japan. For example, the pottery on the 9th floor of the Shangheiyanyin site in Aiyuan County was determined to be About 10,000 years ago. In recent years, early pottery has been continuously discovered in southern China, such as Miaoyan in Guilin, Guangxi, Yuchanyan in Daoxian, Hunan, and Xianrendong and Diaotonghuan in Jiangxi Wannian. Pottery pieces or pottery dating from 13000-14000 have been discovered. Especially the pottery of Yuchanyan is the most complete. Therefore, China is one of the first regions in the world to burn pottery.

Porcelain is also a great invention in ancient China. The word China has two meanings, China and porcelain. Original porcelain appeared in the Shang Dynasty more than 3000 years ago, and a large number of mature porcelains have been fired in the late Eastern Han Dynasty for more than a thousand years. Since then, China's porcelain-making technology has continued to develop, and there have been many amazing porcelain works. Chinese porcelain has also been sold overseas, becoming a carrier of Chinese culture, and porcelain has become a symbol of China. In contrast, Japan in East Asia learned the method of making Tenmoku porcelain from China only in the late 14th century; the Korean peninsula invited Yue kiln craftsmen to teach celadon making techniques from the Goryeo Dynasty. The European porcelain industry started even later. In the 16th-17th centuries, under the influence of China's export of porcelain, Britain, France and other countries began to try out soft-body porcelain.